Each tack on this map of Eastern Slovakia stands for a Roma settlement

Each tack on this map of Eastern Slovakia stands for a Roma settlement

According to recent estimates there are around 500.000 Roma in Slovakia, a country of less than 6 million.

A Romany kid stands in front of his home in Jasov, Slovakia

A Romany kid stands in front of his home in Jasov, Slovakia

Father and Son in their Living Room, Jasov, Slovakia

Father and Son in their Living Room, Jasov, Slovakia

Ostrovany, Slovakia

Ostrovany, Slovakia

Impoverished Roma family in the village of Ostrovany, Slovakia

Impoverished Roma family in the village of Ostrovany, Slovakia

Living Room #1

Living Room #1

Roma children in Patoracke, Slovakia

Roma children in Patoracke, Slovakia

Roma family in Ostrovany, Slovakia

Roma family in Ostrovany, Slovakia

The family of Bojana is one of the few to enjoy an acceptable standard of living in the impoverished settlement of Ostrovany. They are taking part in a non-governmental program aimed to encourage self-development in the Roma communities of Eastern Slovakia.

Luník IX, Košice, Slovakia

Luník IX, Košice, Slovakia

Luník IX is a borough in Eastern Slovak city of Košice that houses the largest community of Roma in the country.

Living Room #2

Living Room #2

A Roma boy in Luník IX

A Roma boy in Luník IX

Although originally built for 2,500 inhabitants, it is estimated that the population of Luník IX is now three times larger. Living standards are low, with services such as gas, water, and electricity cut off, as the majority of inhabitants are not able to pay for rent or utilities.

Dwellers of Jasov, a Roma settlement in Eastern Slovakia

Dwellers of Jasov, a Roma settlement in Eastern Slovakia

Roma kids in Jasov, Slovakia

Roma kids in Jasov, Slovakia

Living Room #3

Living Room #3

Milena's boys, Jasov, Slovakia

Milena's boys, Jasov, Slovakia

Milena, who wished not to be photographed, has recently lost her husband and is struggling to feed his five children.

Living Room #4

Living Room #4

Gadžo, a thirteen-year-old boy from Jasov, proudly shows his family’s living-cum-sleeping room

Living Room #5

Living Room #5

A newly-wed Roma couple in their flat in Jasov, Slovakia

A newly-wed Roma couple in their flat in Jasov, Slovakia

Brother and Sister, Jasov, Slovakia

Brother and Sister, Jasov, Slovakia

Roma children often bear the signs of domestic violence

Roma children often bear the signs of domestic violence

November Rain, Jasov, Slovakia

November Rain, Jasov, Slovakia

Roma mothers in Patoracke, Slovakia

Roma mothers in Patoracke, Slovakia

Roma Fathers, Patoracke, Slovakia

Roma Fathers, Patoracke, Slovakia

Living Room #6

Living Room #6

Roma kids playing outdoors in Patoracke, Slovakia

Roma kids playing outdoors in Patoracke, Slovakia

Roma Girl, Patoracke, Slovakia

Roma Girl, Patoracke, Slovakia

Bodvalenke, Hungary

Bodvalenke, Hungary

A Roma household in Bodvalenke, Hungary

A Roma household in Bodvalenke, Hungary

The village of Bodvalenke is witnessing a rebirth thanks to a non-governmental development project, nevertheless poverty and poor hygienic conditions are still widespread.

Living Room #7

Living Room #7

Sándor in his Living Room in Bodvalenke, Hungary

Sándor in his Living Room in Bodvalenke, Hungary

Like many Hungarian Roma Sándor is strongly nostalgic for the recent socialist past. “Before we had everything, we were treated the same as Hungarians were and in winter the state would provide gas to heat our homes. Now everything is expensive and we are forced to hole up in small rooms, like animals”

Living Room #8

Living Room #8

Government built home in Tornanadaska, Hungary

Government built home in Tornanadaska, Hungary

A Roma man sits in front of his home, Tornanadaska, Hungary

A Roma man sits in front of his home, Tornanadaska, Hungary

Living Room #9

Living Room #9

Tornanadaska, Hungary

Tornanadaska, Hungary

Eszter, Tornanadaska, Hungary

Eszter, Tornanadaska, Hungary

Seven-year old Eszter had recently undergone a liver transplant. Since then her parents managed to receive some money from the local administration to help her daughter' recovery. During my visit they proudly showed me their new living-cum-sleeping room, the embellishment of which inevitably required the other rooms to be emptied.

Csaba and his son, Tornanadaska, Hungary

Csaba and his son, Tornanadaska, Hungary

Csaba’s son suffers from autism. Most of the time he is confined inside the kitchen, the only place of Csaba’s house that he is able to warm during the winter months

Csaba in his kitchen-cum-living-room

Csaba in his kitchen-cum-living-room

Gusztáv, Tornanadaska, Hungary

Gusztáv, Tornanadaska, Hungary

Living Room #10

Living Room #10

Katalin, Tornanadaska, Hungary

Katalin, Tornanadaska, Hungary

Katalin suffers of mental illness and needs assistance even for the easiest daily tasks.

 László, Tornanadaska, Hungary

László, Tornanadaska, Hungary

László shows the camera the empty unheated rooms in his home.

László’s wife with their son András in their Living Room

László’s wife with their son András in their Living Room

The lack of a functional heating system forces the inhabitants of the poorest Roma communities to close themselves inside a room of their homes to survive the cold months.

Margit, Tornanadaska

Margit, Tornanadaska

Margit, one of the few elderly people able to read and write in the village of Tornanádaska, has a serious leg infection due bad medical treatment following an operation in the local hospital.

Roma Women in a communal living-cum-bedroom in Budapest  XIV district

Roma Women in a communal living-cum-bedroom in Budapest XIV district

Roma men stand before their households in Buapest XIV district

Roma men stand before their households in Buapest XIV district

Local politician László Várnai, accompanied by his son, talks to a Roma man in Budapest XIV d.

Local politician László Várnai, accompanied by his son, talks to a Roma man in Budapest XIV d.

Istvan in his Living Room, Budapest

Istvan in his Living Room, Budapest

Edeleny, Slovakia

Edeleny, Slovakia

"In fall we go in the woods looking for berries. We will dry them or make liquor out of their juice. This will be a precious companion during the long winter months and will help us to bear the boredom of our forced captivity".